Download Our Data

Learn about how we got our data, how you can use it and how to contribute your own

Download Our Data

Learn about how we got our data, how you can use it and how to contribute your own

All of the data collected through the Votes Without Violence program can be viewed as visualizations on this website. We invite you to view it on each country and election page, or by clicking through the specific charts and questions below. The data may also be downloaded as CSV files, in a summarized form to protect sensitive information. 

There is a clear need for more and better data collection on the issue of violence against women in elections — a need that the Votes Without Violence project and website were conceived of in order to help fill.

Violence against women in elections is a separate issue from general electoral violence, because it is specifically aimed at preventing women from exercising their right to participate in politics and elections. However, it has not been tracked or measured separately from general violence during elections — a major concern, for as long as the majority of data on electoral violence remains gender-blind, it is impossible to properly address the problem and bridge the gender gap in political participation. 

Through the development of the Votes Without Violence methodology, NDI has identified and outlined the key variables necessary to organize and analyze data collected by election observers on violence against women. We encourage all election observation groups to use this methodology and these categories to collect data on violence against women in elections in their own countries. And, once the observation is finished, we invite them to submit that data to this website, allowing it to continue to grow and expand as a resource for all those interested in this serious issue. 

Interested in submitting your own data, or have a question about ours? Contact us.

All Data

Displaying 1 - 83 of 83

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Title Country Year Categories Link
Uganda Election Day Victims Uganda 2016
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
...
Ghana Pre-Election Party Campaign Platform or Leading Speaker Feature a Woman Ghana 2016
Côte d’Ivoire 2016 Pre-Election Economic Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Economic, Public sphere
Nicaragua Gender Breakdown of Observers Nicaragua 2016
Have you witnessed or heard of attacks or intimidation of election officials? Uganda 2016
Physical, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Elected official
...
Côte d'Ivoire 2016 Election Day Critical Incidents: Economic Violence (Countrywide) Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Economic, Public sphere
Nicaragua Election Day Critical Incidents (Physical Violence) by Perpetrator Nicaragua 2016
Physical, Public sphere
Cote d'Ivoire Pre-Election Recorded Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Economic, Private sphere, Public sphere, Psychological, Private sphere, Public sphere
...
Uganda Election Day Perpetrators Uganda 2016
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Private sphere, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
...
Ghana Pre-Election Observation of CSOs Conducting Women Candidate Training Ghana 2016
Côte d'Ivoire 2016 Pre-Election Voter Coercion Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Nicaragua Election Day Critical Incidents by Victim Gender Nicaragua 2016
Have you witnessed or heard of hate speech, violence or intimidation against candidates or their supporters because they are women? Uganda 2016
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Candidate, Party member or supporter
...
Côte d'Ivoire 2016 Election Day Critical Incidents: Economic Violence (in Targeted Districts) Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Economic, Public sphere
Nicaragua Election Day Critical Incidents (Threats and Coercion) by Victim Nicaragua 2016
Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Cote d'Ivoire Pre-Election Victims of General Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Physical, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Côte d'Ivoire 2016 Pre-Election Critical Incidents: Violence at a Rally or Assembly (by Gender) Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Nicaragua Election Day Critical Incidents by Perpetrator Gender Nicaragua 2016
Uganda Election Day Gender Demographics Uganda 2016
Ghana Pre-Election Election-Related Violence Specifically Targeting Women Ghana 2016
Nicaragua Election Day Critical Incidents (Physical Violence) by Victim Nicaragua 2016
Physical, Private sphere
Nicaragua Pre-Election Sexualization of Women Nicaragua 2016
Côte d'Ivoire 2016 Election Day Critical Incidents: General Violence (Countrywide) Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Nicaragua Election Day Critical Incidents, Victim by Affiliation Nicaragua 2016
Uganda Incidents of Violence at the National Level Uganda 2016
Physical, Public sphere
Elected official, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Ghana Pre-Election Election-Related Violence Ghana 2016
Cote d'Ivoire 2016 Pre-Election Economic Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Nicaragua Appointment of Supreme Electoral Council Authority Nicaragua 2016
Côte d'Ivoire 2016 Election Day Critical Incidents: General Violence (in Targeted Districts) Cote D'Ivoire 2016
Nicaragua Election Day Critical Incidents by Type of Incident Nicaragua 2016
Physical, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
...
Guatemala Pre-Election Economic Violence by Gender and Category Guatemala 2015
Economic, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Were there incidents of violence directed at women voters as they entered or exited the polling station? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Voter
...
Was there any interference, harassment, or intimidation in the counting process? Burma 2015
Psychological, Public sphere
Election administrator, Observer
...
Who were the perpetrators of violence at rallies? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Family member,...
Cote d'Ivoire Pre-Election Perpetrators of Economic Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Economic, Private sphere, Public sphere
Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Family member,...
Nigeria Pre-Election Bayelsa Hate Speech Perpetrators Nigeria 2015
Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Candidate, Elected official, Election...
Guatemala Pre-Election Threats and Coercion Violence by Gender and Category Guatemala 2015
Threats and Coercion, Private sphere, Public sphere
Voter
Have you witnessed or heard of any candidate encouraging his/her supporters to commit acts of violence against women? Tanzania 2015
Economic, Public sphere, Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Do you think voters in this area face problems if they vote for certain political parties? Burma 2015
Psychological, Public sphere
Voter
Nigeria Bayelsa Election Day Victims of Violence during Accreditation Nigeria 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Voter
...
Guatemala Election Day - Victims by Role and Gender Guatemala 2015
Physical, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Were there incidents of violence against women poll officials during the counting of ballot papers? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Election administrator
...
Was there any intimidation and/or harassment inside or outside the polling station against any of the following? Burma 2015
Psychological, Public sphere
Voter
Have you witnessed spousal or family influence preventing women from attending rallies or participating in the electoral process? Tanzania 2015
Threats and Coercion, Private sphere
Party member or supporter, Voter
Family member
...
Cote d'Ivoire Pre-Election Perpetrators of Psychological Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Psychological, Private sphere, Public sphere
Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Family...
Cote D'Ivoire Election Day Perpetrators of Psychological Violence by Role Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Psychological, Public sphere
Voter
Election administrator
Nigeria Kogi Pre-Election Hate Speech Victims Nigeria 2015
Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Candidate, Elected official, Election...
Guatemala Pre-Election Sexual Violence by Gender and Category Guatemala 2015
Sexual, Private sphere, Public sphere
Voter
Have you witnessed or heard of attacks on women election officials? Tanzania 2015
Economic, Public sphere, Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Sexual, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Elected official
...
Did you face any problems campaigning in this area? Burma 2015
Physical, Public sphere
Party member or supporter
Nigeria Hotline Violence Totals Nigeria 2015
Economic, Public sphere, Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Sexual, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate,...
Country Comparison Demographics Cote D'Ivoire, Nigeria, Uganda 2015
Guatemala Election Day - Perpetrators by Gender and Role Guatemala 2015
Physical, Private sphere, Public sphere
Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Family member,...
Who was the perpetrator of VAW-E at polling stations? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Election administrator, Voter
...
Guatemala Pre-Election Violence by General Categories Guatemala 2015
Economic, Private sphere, Public sphere, Physical, Private sphere, Public sphere, Psychological, Private sphere, Public sphere, Sexual, Private sphere, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Private sphere,...
How were women candidates or their supporters attacked? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Cote d'Ivoire Pre-Election Victims of Psychological Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Psychological, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Cote D'Ivoire Election Day Psychological Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Physical, Public sphere
Election administrator, Voter
Election administrator
...
Nigeria Kogi Pre-Election Hate Speech Perpetrators Nigeria 2015
Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Candidate, Elected official, Election...
Guatemala Pre-Election Physical Violence by Gender and Category Burma 2015
Physical, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
How were women election officials attacked? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Elected official
...
Do voters in this area feel free to attend campaign events of the party that they like? Burma 2015
Psychological, Public sphere
Voter
Cote d'Ivoire Pre-Election Perpetrators of General Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Physical, Private sphere, Public sphere
Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Family member,...
Have you witnessed or heard of any attacks on women at any rallies? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Nigeria Pre-Election Violence Against Women Nigeria 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Candidate, Party member or supporter
...
How many incidents of violence occurred as women voters entered or exited the polling station? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Voter
...
Guatemala Pre-Election Social Benefits Guatemala 2015
Economic, Private sphere, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Private sphere, Public sphere
Voter
...
Who were the perpetrators of violence against women candidates and their supporters? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Family member,...
Cote d'Ivoire Election Day Victims of Psychological Violence by Role Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Psychological, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Country Comparison: Victims of Violence Burma, Cote D'Ivoire, Nigeria, Uganda 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter...
Nigeria National Election Day Victims of Violence during Voting Nigeria 2015
Physical, Public sphere
Voter
Guatemala Pre-Election Psychological Violence by Gender and Category Guatemala 2015
Psychological, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Who were the perpetrators of violence against women elected officials? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Elected official
...
Do voters in this area feel free to vote for candidates or parties that they like? Burma 2015
Psychological, Public sphere
Voter
Cote d'Ivoire Pre-Election Victims of Economic Violence Cote D'Ivoire 2015
Economic, Private sphere, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
How were women at rallies attacked? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Nigeria Bayelsa Pre-Election Hate Speech Victims Nigeria 2015
Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or...
Have you witnessed or heard of attacks against women candidates or their supporters? Tanzania 2015
Physical, Public sphere, Psychological, Public sphere, Threats and Coercion, Public sphere
Candidate, Party member or supporter
...
Guatemala Pre-Election Social Benefits Guatemala 2015
Economic, Private sphere, Public sphere
Voter
Have you witnessed or heard of vandalism or the destruction of property belonging to a women candidate or her supporters? Tanzania 2015
Economic, Public sphere
Candidate, Party member or supporter
Was there any intimidation of voters who came to check their name or make changes to the list? Burma 2015
Psychological, Public sphere
Voter
Country Comparison Perpetrators of Violence Cote D'Ivoire, Guatemala, Nigeria, Uganda 2015
Economic, Private sphere
Activist, Candidate, Elected official, Election administrator, Observer, Party member or supporter, Voter
...
Nigeria Bayelsa Election Day Victims of Violence during Voting Nigeria 2015
Physical, Public sphere
Voter

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Electoral violence undermines democratic elections, which are a cornerstone of democratic governance. Violence against women in elections is a particular form of electoral violence, motivated by a desire to prevent women from participating in the electoral process, which sees women attacked for daring to participate in elections. Learn More About Votes Without Violence