Of the incidents of violence that were reported by observers, the perpetrators were most likely to be men, regardless of the type of violence observed.
Of the reported incidents of violence, men were more likely to be targeted by harassment and violence than women; while women were more likely than men to be targeted by impersonation. In all categories, mixed-gender groups were the most frequently targeted.
Have you witnessed or heard of hate speech, violence or intimidation against candidates or their supporters because they are women?
CEON-U trained observers to report on hate speech, violence and intimidation against women candidates and their supporters. Of the reports received, only 8% of observers reported any acts of this gender-based violence.
85% of observers reported that they did not witness or hear of attacks on women candidates or their supporters; of those that did witness or hear of such attacks, most reports came from credible third parties.
Of the reported incidents of violence against women voters entering or exiting the polling stations that were received, 63% were acts of harassment; the next most frequent type of violence observed was physical violence (25%).
Of the incidents of violence against women that were observed at polling stations, 50% of the perpetrators were recorded as being other than polling officials or members of security forces.
In the observation of the vote counting process, only 3% of observers reported that there had been incidents of violence against women poll workers.
Were there incidents of violence directed at women voters as they entered or exited the polling station?
91% of observers reported that they witnessed no violence directed at women who were entering or exiting the polling stations.
As with violence against women candidates, most perpetrators were party supporters.
In most cases, where observers reported incidents of violence, women election officials were primarily targeted by intimidation (37%) and threats (33%).