During the pre-election period observers reported very few incidents of election-related violence, intimidation, or harassment specifically directed at women. Of the cumulative 1059 observation, from 138 observers over the pre-election period, there were only two occasions where observers witnessed incidents of violence directed and women and three reported instances where observers heard of these incidents. This is generally in line with anecdotal evidence, news, and reports from NDI’s...
During the pre-election period, observers looked for and reported on incidents of sexual exhibition of women. This included the exhibition of women in sexual ways to draw attention to campaign or political party events. This graph shows the average percentage of municipalities in which observers reported seeing ("Yes") or not seeing ("No") this kind of sexualization of the female form in different parties'campaign activities.
Of the incidents of violence that were reported by observers, the perpetrators were most likely to be men, regardless of the type of violence observed.
CEON-U trained observers to report on hate speech, violence and intimidation against women candidates and their supporters. Of the reports received, only 8% of observers reported any acts of this gender-based violence.
98% of CEON-U’s observers reported that they had not witnessed or heard of any attacks against election officials, including acts of intimidation.
85% of observers reported that they did not witness or hear of attacks on women candidates or their supporters; of those that did witness or hear of such attacks, most reports came from credible third parties.
Of the reported incidents of violence against women voters entering or exiting the polling stations that were received, 63% were acts of harassment; the next most frequent type of violence observed was physical violence (25%).