Observed incidents of election-related violence, intimidation, and harassment were relatively low. Of the bi-weekly pre-election observations by 138 observers, these types of incidents were witnessed fourteen times and heard of 31 times, while 1014 observations showed that the observer did not hear of or witness such acts during that biweekly period. This data is congruent with initial reports of a tense pre-election period, with various reported acts of violence throughout the country....
Of the incidents of violence that were reported by observers, the perpetrators were most likely to be men, regardless of the type of violence observed.
94% of observers reported that they did not hear of or witness any property destruction targeting women candidates or their supporters.
The Stop-FIDA hotline received reports of all categories of violence, primarily physical violence and threats and coercion. The reported incidents were evaluated by a response team, to determine what response was needed, and whether the incidents should be referred to another stakeholder, such as the police or a service provider for victim support.
Hate speech was an important form of violence that TMG monitored throughout each election. As in Bayelsa, observers stationed in Kogi during the pre-election period reported incidents of both men and women engaging in hate speech.
Male office agents were the most frequent victims of the incidents of psychological violence recorded on election day. Women voters, however, were more likely than male voters to be targeted by violent incidents.
As with economic violence, reported incidents of violence showed that women were targeted by psychological violence as part of mixed-gender groups.
There were very few observed incidents of economic violence in the pre-electoral period. This violence included property damage, for example of campaign materials. Most victims of this violence were men.
In observed incidents of unspecified violence or aggression, women were 33% of the victims. Most observed incidents that were reported had both male and female victims (44%).